UNDP recruiting Consultant in the Field of Agriculture and Forestry
South Sudan, 18 July 2013
The Government of South Sudan started work on trade mainstreaming during the Interim Comprehensive Peace Agreement (CPA) period. The Government issued “Trade Policy Guidelines” in 2009 which stated the importance of establishing necessary institutions to mainstream trade into the development priorities, policies and plans and acknowledged capacity constraints for trade policy formulation and implementation. The Ministry of Commerce, Industry and Investment (MCII) of the Republic of South Sudan (RSS) has been mandated to achieve these objectives in coordination with line ministries, the private sector and the donor community. Following independence, the Ministry has committed itself to undertake a full range of activities to prepare for and fully operationalise this mandate, including policy, legal frameworks and institutions, as well as signing of regional and international trade protocols.
In order to respond to the significant capacity constraints facing the RSS’ integration in the world economy, the Government requested participation in the Enhanced Integrated Framework (EIF). The EIF is a partnership involving Least Developed Countries (LDCs), donors and international organizations with the following key objectives: (i) to assist LDCs in mainstreaming trade into their national development plans and poverty reduction strategies; and (ii) to assist in the coordinated delivery of trade-related technical assistance to meet the trade capacity gaps identified by LDCs. For more information on the IF please see: www.integratedframework.org.
The first stage of the EIF process is the preparation of a Diagnostic Trade Integration Study (DTIS) to provide the analytical basis for setting priorities. The purpose of the DTIS is to identify key constraints to the country’s integration into the multilateral trading system and the global economy. The interim EIF Board has adopted a template to guide the preparation of DTIS.
It is recognized however, that the DTIS is country-specific. The guidelines cover a broad range of topics reflecting the multi-faceted nature of trade issues. These topics include: macroeconomic environment; trade policy and institutions; trade agreements and market access; trade poverty reduction and sustainable development; business environment and institutional framework for trade and investment; trade facilitation; standards and quality infrastructure; sectoral issues and implementation arrangements. A set of policy recommendations and priority technical assistance needs are summarized in an Action Matrix which together with the DTIS is assessed and validated by stakeholders in a National Validation Workshop. An executive summary will highlight the key messages and findings of the DTIS.
An EIF familiarization workshop, with the participation of the IF Executive Secretariat and various UN agencies, was held on 13-14 November 2012 as a first step to sensitize partners about the objectives of the programme and its procedures and promote the active involvement of national stakeholders in the DTIS process.
UNDP has been requested to support the RSS in conducting the DTIS, in coordination with the EIF agencies and interested donors. Funding is provided by the EIF Trust Fund managed by UNOPS on behalf of contributing donors. The study will be prepared by a team of national and international experts working under the direction of a Team Leader.
Duties and Responsibilities
The international consultant (IC) will be part of a team of national and international experts responsible for preparing South Sudan DTIS. The consultant will work in coordination with a national consultant (NC) tasked with gathering data, policy documents and programmes/projects pertaining to the development of agriculture and forestry. The national consultant will facilitate contacts with the different government departments and services, and private sector, including farmers’ associations.
The international consultant will be responsible for drafting the agro-forestry chapter of the DTIS. In carrying out this assignment, the IC will also interact with the other DTIS consultants, exchanging views on issues related to development and poverty reduction, such as connectivity and access to markets, non tariff barriers, the role of women in agriculture, including processing and trade, international trade opportunities and agro processing capacities.
The international consultant should undertake among others, the following tasks:
Review the 2013 national strategy for agriculture, and other policy documents and directives for development of agriculture and forestrys, as well as on-going and planned agricultural projects financed by the international community;
Assess the evolution of competitiveness of the South Sudan agriculture sector (imports of food staples increasing rapidly while diminution of agricultural exports) over the last 5 to 10 years (depending of statistic available);
Analyze issues related to international trade and interstate trade: poor connectivity with markets; high cost of transport by trucks; availability and costs of inputs (seed, fertilizer, pesticide, etc.) and quality and scope of extension services; profit margins; land ownership and tenure and its implications for modernizing the sector; size and relative importance of industrial plantations (foreign owned ? need of rehabilitation?);
Benchmark productivity for various crops vis-a-vis comparator countries and appraise impact of different measures such as reforms of the policy and regulatory frameworks, enhanced agronomic research, advisory services, improved feeder roads, abolishment of non-tariff barriers, etc., to increase competitiveness of South Sudan farmers;
Identify a few regional value chains with potential for integration by South Sudan (focus on big wins that have transformational effects and on high number of farmers expected to move out of poverty);
Make suggestions regarding key reforms needed for export expansion;
Identify 3 crops with high export potential and poverty reduction impacts, and develop integration strategies to move into regional values chains;
Evaluate whether public investment initiatives have the potential to “crowd in” private investment or risk discouraging it.
An inception report of no more than 3 pages prepared and discussed with the DTIS Team Leader before departure from South Sudan.
A final report not exceeding 20 pages plus bibliography and annexes, as needed. The report will comprise an analytical part and priority recommendations. Recommendations will be ranked by priority (high, medium) and by sequence, first 12 months, 12-36 months. The final report is expected within 4 weeks of starting of the contract.
Contract duration and timelines
The total working days for this consultancy have been estimated at 24 over a period of three months, starting in mid-August.