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Survey: Exploring Recent Trends in Economic Migration


Albania, Kosovo, 28 June 2017

Project Description

The changing landscape for migrants in Europe is a challenge for many Albanians and Kosovans who would like to move abroad for economic or political reasons. In 2015, the increase of Syrian refugees arriving into Europe coincided with a surge in migration from the Western Balkans to Western Europe.

In a new project, the European Bank for Reconstruction and Development (the 'EBRD' or the 'Bank') seeks to better understand the impact of the increase in Syrian refugees on the decisions made by potential economic migrants on whether, and when, to migrate (the 'Project'). The EBRD also wants to understand what characteristics and attitudes contribute to this decision. The study takes a multi-pronged approach: household surveys as well as interactive classroom sessions will be used to ascertain what factors contribute to the decision on whether or not to migrate. The results of the study will have important implications for designing policy dialogue to promote the economic inclusion of refugees and migrants, while better aligning the incentives to migrate with those leading to beneficial and sustainable levels of migration.

As part of the Project, the EBRD intends to engage a number of consultants who will need to work closely with each other and under the supervision of the EBRD:

  • Survey Consultant - Western Balkans

  • Survey Consultant - Western Europe

  • In-Country Project Manager - Kosovo

  • In-Country Project Manager - Albania

  • In-Country Project Manager - Germany

  • In-Country Project Manager - Western Europe

  • Data Analyst - Western Balkans

  • Data Analyst - Western Europe

  • Academic Consultant

This procurement notice concerns the appointment of consultant (i) only.

Assignment Description

The EBRD seeks to engage a firm (the 'Consultant') to assist with the implementation of a household survey in Albania and Kosovo (the 'Assignment').

The Consultant shall deliver, inter alia, the following services:

Survey preparation. The Consultant will:

  • Establish a working relationship with relevant local authorities in order to obtain the required permissions to conduct the survey, and in order to construct a sample frame if needed.

  • Provide to the EBRD a summary of the contact the Consultant has had with local authorities.

  • Obtain and assemble sample frames (as needed) and draw samples consistent with the strategy outlined above for all regions included in the study.

  • Create a new sample frame by full enumeration in regions where existing sample frames are found to be unacceptable.

  • Draw the samples for each location according to the method determined by the Operation Leader.

  • Provide to the EBRD a sampling procedure document. The document will include, but not be limited to, descriptions of the sampling frame, the data used to draw the sample, relevant sample weights and how they are calculated. Report the design weights and the ex post weights adjusted by non-eligibility in the sample frame..

  • In collaboration with the EBRD, create an implementation manual and a questionnaire manual to be used during training..

  • Provide a translated version of the implementation manual and the questionnaire manual from English into the local languages and obtain the EBRD's approval for the final versions prior to launching the survey.

  • Provide feedback on the questionnaire content and layout prior to the pilot (see point 3 below). The EBRD will write the questionnaire itself, but will require input from the Consultant to format and finalise the document to be taken to the field (on CAPI).

  • Prepare show cards.

  • Translate the questionnaire into the local languages and back translate them into English.

  • Prior to the pilot, provide the survey translated into the local languages to the EBRD..

  • Work with the EBRD to troubleshoot the translated version of the survey, as necessary, in both the pilot stage and final stage.

  • Script and test the CAPI, including all the hard and soft checks, and the skip patterns as specified by the EBRD, in English and in the local languages.

  • Make all agreed on changes to the questionnaire, implementation manual and questionnaire manual or sampling procedure based on lessons learned from the pilot.

  • Following the pilot and prior to the main implementation, provide the questionnaire with final modifications along with the translated versions (in the local languages).

Training of local staff. The Consultant will:

  • Organise a two-day central training session with all in-country project managers.

  • Submit to the EBRD for their sign-off a full work agenda and schedule of the training of the entire Consultant's staff prior to the launch of the training programme.

  • Train interviewers using the questionnaire, the implementation manual and the questionnaire manual.

  • Provide a written report on the implementation of the training programme to the EBRD, within one week of the completion of each training course.

Pilot implementation. The Consultant will:

  • Draw a pilot sample according to the method determined by the Operation Leader.

  • Undertake a field test of the questionnaire, in cooperation with the EBRD, with 115 households in Albania and 115 in Kosovo. These households should not again be included in the sample.

  • Provide a written report on the field test to the EBRD with recommendations for any improvement in the design of the final questionnaire.

Main survey fieldwork implementation and data entry. The Consultant will:

  • Complete the survey using face-to-face interviews in local languages in 2,300 households in each of Kosovo and Albania.

  • Monitor the performance of field staff. Make the EBRD aware of any issues or delays as soon in a timely manner and take the necessary steps to redress them.

  • Provide a weekly report of response rates differentiating between refusals and problems with the sample frame..

  • Create an electronic database and enter the collected data concurrent with survey implementation.

  • Ensure that the electronic database and data entry system automatically restricts out of range variables, checks for inconsistencies, does not allow missing fields where they are not appropriate, and ensures the accuracy of the entered data.

  • Clean the data as needed after data entry.

  • Provide the data to the EBRD for quality control checks when 30 interviews in each country are completed, and again when ten percent and when fifty percent of the overall survey in each country has been completed.

  • Keep track of the visit number when the respondent was reached. Include this as a separate variable in the final dataset.

  • Calculate survey weights.

  • Provide to the EBRD a clean labelled database of all 4,600 completed interviews in Stata format.

  • Prepare and submit a completion report.

Quality control. The Consultant will:

  • Perform quality checks and call backs.

  • Prepare a completion report, in English. The report will describe all codes, sampling biases introduced in the survey implementation and other pertinent information for researchers..

  • Disclose the names, contact details, length and nature of the relationship between the Consultant and all contractors and sub-contractors to the EBRD at the conclusion of the Survey, in order to facilitate future surveys.

  • Secure written permission from the EBRD for any alterations (including additions) to the list of contractors and sub-contractors prior to such changes taking place.

  • Protect the confidentiality of individuals participating in the Survey at all stages and will ensure that all data is confidential and the property of the EBRD and will turn over all data, questionnaire and other material to the EBRD and will not retain any information or material after the Survey data collection has ended.

The Consultant will work at all times in cooperation with the EBRD economists, in particular the Operation Leader (OL).

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